Workers’ Compensation Insurance: A Beacon of Stability Amidst P/C Sector Volatility

Thang Truong
Thang Truong
Updated on:

In 2022, the underwriting results of workers’ compensation insurers outshone the rest of the U.S. property/casualty (P/C) commercial sector. This success is attributed to the long-term decrease in workplace accidents and a reduction in fraudulent claims, as reported by an industry segment report from A.M. Best.

Favorable Loss Reserve Development

The report highlights that the insurance industry’s reserve position in 2022 was strengthened by favorable prior-year loss reserve development. This improvement is a result of long-term declines in claims frequency.

Workers’ Comp Outperforms P/C Segment

In 2022, the combined ratio for workers’ comp was 87.8%, almost 15 percentage points lower than the overall P/C segment’s 102.4. This performance indicates a more profitable year for workers’ comp insurers.

Rising Payroll Levels

The report also points out the trend of increasing payroll levels. Workers’ comp premiums, which are based on payroll, have benefited from the most significant U.S. wage growth in over 25 years. This growth, coupled with robust job growth, has helped elevate the overall premium to pre-pandemic levels.

Manageable Claim Severity

While medical and indemnity severity have increased, the scale of these increases was less than the wage increase. This higher payroll base for workers’ comp has kept the increase in claim severity manageable.

The report notes that workers’ comp pricing has been on a decline since 2015, with the exception of the post-pandemic period from Q2 2020 through 2021, when modest increases became the norm. However, the segment is still subject to several factors with longer-term implications on operating performance, including rising inflationary pressures. Higher wages have driven indemnity costs up, resulting in a modest increase in claims severity.

Potential Impact on Workers’ Compensation Insurance Costs

The current trends in the workers’ compensation insurance sector could potentially impact the workers comp insurance costs. The increase in wages and the subsequent rise in indemnity costs could lead to higher premiums for businesses. Additionally, the inflationary pressures could also contribute to an increase in the cost of insurance.

However, the long-term decline in workplace accidents and fraudulent claims could offset these increases. The reduction in claims frequency could lead to lower costs for insurers, which could potentially be passed on to businesses in the form of lower premiums.

Leveraging the Competitive Landscape for Workers’ Compensation Insurance

The profitability of the workers’ compensation insurance sector has led to fierce competition among carriers. Eager to capitalize on the sector’s robust performance, many insurers are vying for business by offering competitive prices in an attempt to win new clients and retain existing ones. This competitive landscape can be advantageous for small businesses. Learn more at the cheapest workers comp insurance companies.

In such a scenario, small businesses should take proactive steps to benefit the most. Firstly, they should not hesitate to negotiate with insurers. With carriers competing for their business, companies have the leverage to negotiate for lower premiums or better coverage terms.

Secondly, businesses should consider working with an insurance broker or consultant who understands the market dynamics and can help them navigate the competitive landscape. These professionals can provide valuable advice, help businesses understand the fine print in policy terms, and ensure they are getting the best value for their money.

Lastly, businesses should regularly review their insurance needs and coverage. As their business grows and changes, so too do their insurance needs. Regular reviews ensure their coverage remains adequate and relevant, and allows businesses to take advantage of any competitive offers in the market.

In conclusion, the competitive and profitable nature of the workers’ compensation insurance sector presents an opportunity for small businesses. By taking a proactive approach and leveraging the competition among carriers, businesses can secure comprehensive coverage at a competitive price. Learn more at the best workers comp insurance companies.

Considerations for Small Businesses

When seeking a new workers’ compensation insurance policy or renewing an existing one, small businesses should pay close attention to several factors.

Firstly, businesses should consider the trends in the sector. Understanding the factors that could potentially impact the cost of insurance, such as wage growth and inflation, can help businesses anticipate changes in premiums.

Secondly, businesses should evaluate their own risk factors. The frequency of workplace accidents and the potential for fraudulent claims within the business can significantly impact the cost of insurance. Implementing safety measures and fraud prevention strategies can help reduce these risks and potentially lower insurance costs.

Lastly, businesses should shop around and compare policies from different insurers. Policies can vary significantly in terms of coverage and cost, so it’s important to find a policy that provides the necessary coverage at a price that fits the business’s budget.


The workers’ compensation insurance sector has shown resilience amidst the volatility of the broader P/C sector. However, insurers must remain vigilant of the potential impacts of rising wages and inflationary pressures on claim severity and overall operating performance. For small businesses, understanding these trends and evaluating their own risk factors can help them find a workers’ compensation insurance policy that meets their needs and budget.

Thang Truong

Thang Truong covers small business insurance and small business success at BravoPolicy. He is a licensed P&C insurance agent. Previously, he held product leadership positions at, Capital One, NerdWallet, and Mulberry Technology. He holds a MBA degree from UC Berkeley - Haas School of Business.

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